Impact of Dollar Stores on Household Shopping Patterns and Nutrition
This paper examines how household shopping trips, food expenditure, and nutrition are impacted by the entry of dollar stores. I find that when a dollar store enters, nearby low-income households are more likely to shop and buy food at dollar stores. In addition, low-income households start consuming less fresh produce, which is not available at dollar stores. This leads to differential negative impacts on nutrition for low-income households, and the impact is twice as large in food deserts. The magnitude of the effect on low-income households in food deserts is 10% of the nutrition-income gap, which contrasts with past findings indicating that the retail environment has only marginal impacts on nutritional inequality.
Household Spillovers from School Policy: The Impact of the Federal School Nutrition Standards on the Healthfulness of Household Grocery Expenditure
This paper investigates whether the federal school nutrition reforms enacted after the passage of the Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 had spillover effects onto the healthfulness of student household grocery expenditure. Focusing specifically on the Smart Snacks in Schools regulation and household grocery expenditure on unhealthy snack food, a difference in difference framework is used to compare the relative changes in unhealthy snack expenditure for households in states with and without strong state snack regulations prior to the federal regulation. The results indicate that the federal regulation decreased unhealthy snack expenditure by about 5% after three years for households with a student. This suggests that spillovers from school policy enhance the impact of the policy.
Using Tags to Vary Benefit Program Application Costs: The Case of SNAP and Food Bank Application Assistance Programs